An introduction to a scientific article may turn out to be the most difficult part of the whole article devoted to research work. The amount of introduction depends on the type of scientific article. The introduction states the topic of the article, substantiates its prerequisites and relevance, and then sets out the issues considered in the paper and the hypothesis put forward. A well-written introduction sets the tone for the entire work, attracts the reader’s attention and communicates the hypothesis or abstract statements.
Introduction writing plan:
- State your research topic. You can start the introduction with a few sentences on the topic of the article and listing the questions you are going to address in it. This is a good way to introduce readers to the topic being studied and to interest them. The first few sentences should mention a rather broad problem, on which you will focus on a more detailed discussion in the following introduction text, which as a result will lead you to the formulation of narrower research questions and problems.
- Try to use keywords. When writing a scientific article for publication in specialized journals, you will be asked to provide a small list of keywords that reflect the area to which your research belongs. The headline of the article may also contain some keywords on which you want to focus the attention of readers in the introduction.
- Let’s define key terms and concepts. Sometimes it is required to explain some words and expressions already in the introduction. Accuracy and clarity of presentation are necessary throughout the article, therefore you should decipher terms and concepts that are not generally accepted so that the reader can understand the course of your thoughts.
- Present the theme of the work as a short memorable story or quotation. If you are writing a research paper in the humanities, the beginning of the introduction and the main topic of the work can be submitted in a more literary and spectacular form. In particular, humanitarian research papers often begin with an instructive story or quotation that illustrates the subject of the research. Such a method is a variation of the “inverted pyramid” method; it indicates a good style and awakens the reader’s interest in your article from the very first lines.